Political Status / Agreements
Cairo Hamas–Fatah Agreement (2011)
An agreement between Hamas and Fatah signed in Cairo, Egypt, on 3 May 2011. The purpose of the agreement was to bring an end to hostilities between the two organizations since the collapse of the Mecca Agreement and Hamas’ takeover of the Gaza Strip in 2007. The agreement called for elections for PNA President, Palestinian Legislative Council and Palestinian National Council (representative body of the PLO) to be held simultaneously within a year. The sides also agreed to form a consensus government for the interim period. The 2012 Doha Declaration and 2012 Cairo Agreement were signed in an effort to promote implementation of the agreement, but no unity government was formed until after the April 2014 reconciliation agreement.