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United Nations General Assembly Resolution 45/68 (1990)

A resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 6 December 1990 by a vote of 144 For, 2 Against (Israel and the United States), 13 Absent. Against the backdrop of the First Intifada, the resolution called for an international peace conference that would include the five permanent members of the Security Council, as well as all parties to the Arab-Israeli conflict (including the PLO), to be held on the basis of Resolutions 242 and 338. This vision was eventually implemented with the 1991 Madrid Conference. The resolution also reaffirmed the following principles for a comprehensive settlement to the Arab-Israeli conflict: a full Israeli withdrawal from territories occupied in the 1967 Six Day War and the dismantling of Israeli settlements in these territories; arrangement for the security of all states in the region, including the two states envisioned in Resolution 181; a solution to the Palestinian refugee problem in accordance with Resolution 194; and guaranteed freedom of access to holy sites.