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Madrid Conference (1991)

Madrid, Spain
1991-10-30 to 1991-10-31
James A. Baker, United States: Participant, Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet Union: Participant, Yitzhak Shamir, Israel: Participant, Fares Bouez, Lebanon: Participant, George H.W. Bush, United States: Participant, Felipe Gonzalez, Spain: Participant, Amr Moussa, Egypt: Participant, Kamel Abu Jaber, Jordan: Participant, Hans van den Broek, Netherlands: Participant, Haider Abdul Shafi, Palestine: Participant, Farouk al-Sharaa, Syria: Participant, Boris D. Pankin, Soviet Union: Participant
An international peace conference held in the wake of the First Gulf War in Madrid, Spain, and co-sponsored by the United States and the Soviet Union. Israel opposed to the presence of PLO representatives, but the Jordanian delegation to the conference included Palestinian representatives liaising with PLO leadership in Tunis. It inaugurated both direct Israeli-Palestinian talks, later superseded by the Oslo Process, and multilateral Israeli-Arab negotiations.