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Explore the Comprehensive Interactive Database of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Map List

13 maps found
  • 1948 War

    last update: 2016-11-24 04:25
    Known in Israel as the War of Independence, and in the Arab World as the Nakba (Catastrophe). The war began on 30 November 1947 as a civil conflict between Jews and Arabs in Palestine, immediately following the adoption of UNGA Resolution 181 that approved the Partition Plan for Palestine. Following the termination of the Mandate for Palestine and the Israeli Declaration of Independence, military forces from seven Arab countries invaded Palestine and began fighting the newly-created Israel Defense Forces (IDF). The war ended in 1949 with Israel signing separate armistice agreements with Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria, leaving it in control of the entire territory allocated to the Jewish state in the Partition Plan, as well as more than half of the territory allocated to the Arab state. Following the 1967 Six Day War, the armistice lines became collectively known as the (4 June) 1967 Lines or the Green Line. The war resulted in hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees.
  • Six Day War (1967)

    last update: 2016-09-14 06:56
    Also known as the 1967 War, and in Arabic as the Naksa (Setback), a war fought between Israel and three Arab countries - Egypt, Syria and Jordan - on 5-11 June 1967. The war began with Operation Moked, a series of preemptive Israeli airstrikes which effectively incapacitated the Egyptian and Syrian Air Forces. During the ground assault that followed, Israeli forces overran the Golan Heights, the West Bank (including East Jerusalem), the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula. Israeli territorial gains were confirmed in the ceasefire agreements concluding the war. Following the war, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 242, which stressed “the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war” and required an Israeli withdrawal, the extent of which remains under dispute. Israel formally annexed East Jerusalem in late 1967 and the Golan Heights in 1981, while the Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt following the 1979 peace treaty between the countries. The Gaza Strip and the West Bank remain under Israeli control and have come to be known as the Palestinian Territories. Israel lost around 800 soldiers during the war, while Arab casualties numbered some 15,000–20,000 soldiers.
  • Israeli Settlements in the Golan Heights (from 1967)

    last update: 2016-01-31 06:09
    Reference map of Israeli settlements established in the Golan Heights, occupied from Syria during the 1967 Six Day War and unilaterally annexed to Israel in 1981.
  • Israel-Syria Disengagement Agreement (1974)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:41
    An agreement between Israel and Syria facilitating withdrawals by both countries’ armed forces following the 1973 War, signed on 31 May 1974 in Geneva, Switzerland, ending a period of attrition warfare following the ceasefire. As part of the agreement, Israel agreed to withdraw from territories it held beyond the 1967 ceasefire lines. The agreement delineated two disengagement lines, with the buffer zone between them monitored by the newly-established United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF). It also contained provisions for a mutual exchange of POWs. The lines established in the agreement continue to serve as the de facto border between Israel and Syria. A similar agreement was signed between Israel and Egypt on 18 January 1974.
  • Israel-Syria Armistice Agreement (1949)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:39
    An armistice agreement concluding the 1948 War between Israel and Syria, signed on Hill 232 near the Israeli-Syrian border, on 20 July 1949. As the last agreement signed between Israel and an Arab country, it brought the war to its official conclusion. The armistice line largely followed the 1923 Mandatory border, though differences between the two lines were a source of disagreement during the Israeli-Syrian peace negotiations. Three areas west of the armistice line that were controlled by Syrian forces at the time of the signing were designated in the agreement as demilitarized zones: the Banias area at the northern end of the armistice line; the area south of Lake Hula, and a narrow strip along the Jordan River up to the Sea of Galilee; and the area southeast of the Sea of Galilee and along the Yarmuk River up to El-Hama.
  • Israeli Annexation of the Golan Heights (1981)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:42
    A law enacted by the Knesset on 15 December 1981, by a vote of 63 For, 21 Against, by the initiative of Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and his government. The law unilaterally extended Israeli jurisdiction and administration to the Golan Heights. This effectively constituted an annexation of the territory that was occupied from Syria during the 1967 Six Day War, except for a small portion detached from it as part of the 1974 Israel-Syria Disengagement Agreement. Two days later, UN Security Council Resolution 497 declared the law “null and void”. The majority of the international community does not recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights and continues to consider it occupied Syrian territory.
  • 1973 War

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:07
    Known in the Arab world as the October War, and in Israel as the Yom Kippur War, a war fought between Israel, Syria and Egypt in October 1973. The war began with a surprise attack by Egyptian and Syrian forces in the midst of the Jewish fast of Yom Kippur. Despite their initial advances in Sinai and the Golan Heights, respectively, the Israeli forces repelled the Egyptians and Syrians and managed to cross the Suez Canal. Towards the end of the war, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 338, calling for a ceasefire and negotiations based on Resolution 242. The war ended with a ceasefire, followed in early 1974 by separate disengagement agreements with Egypt and Syria. Though the aftermath of the war saw the territorial status quo remain largely unchanged, within several years Israel and Egypt would sign a peace treaty, involving an Israeli withdrawal from Sinai. Following the war, the Agranat Commission was set up in Israel to investigate possible failures in the Israeli political and military leadership in preparing for the war. The publication of the commission's report triggered a political crisis that led to the resignation of Prime Minister Golda Meir and Minister of Defense Moshe Dayan. Casualties in the war numbered over 2,000 on the Israeli side, and several thousand on the Arab site.
  • Map of Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank and Gaza

    last update: 2016-01-31 03:48
    Map of Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank and Gaza
  • 1982 Lebanon War

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:42
    A war between Israel on the one hand, and the PLO and Syria on the other, which broke out on 5 June 1982. The war began as a limited Israeli operation (Operation Peace for Galilee) against PLO strongholds in southern Lebanon, following sustained attacks against civilians in the north of Israel, as well as the attempted assassination of the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom. Israeli operations were extended as it became embroiled in the ongoing Lebanese Civil War, and Israel eventually occupied large parts of Lebanon, including western Beirut. In what became known as the Sabra and Shatila Massacre, Christian militias attacked two Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut, killing hundreds to thousands of civilians. Under intense Israeli pressure, the PLO leadership relocated from Beirut to Tunis in 1982. In 1983, a non-belligerency treaty was signed between Israel and the Christian-backed Lebanese government, but it was cancelled the following year. By 1985, Israel gradually withdrew its forces from most of Lebanon, forming the South Lebanon Security Zone. Low-intensity warfare between Israel, the Israeli-allied militia South Lebanon Army and Hezbollah continued until Israel's complete withdrawal from Lebanon in 2000, thereby implementing UNSC Resolution 425 of 1978.
  • Sykes-Picot (Asia Minor) Agreement (1916)

    last update: 2016-01-31 03:28
    A secret agreement concluded on 16 May 1916 between Britain and France, dividing the Middle East into spheres of influence ahead of a possible victory against the Ottoman Empire in World War I.