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Understanding Ending Operation Pillar of Defense (2012)

An informal understanding reached between Israel and Hamas via Egyptian mediation, reached on 21 November 2012. The understanding brought about the end of concluding Operation Pillar of Defense, a week-long round of fighting including Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip and Hamas rocket fire on Israeli localities. It included a ceasefire and the opening of crossings into the Strip, with Egypt monitoring its implementation.