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Explore the Comprehensive Interactive Database of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Map List

169 maps found
  • Israeli-Egyptian Interim Agreement (Sinai II, 1975)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:27
    An agreement between Egypt and Israel that was signed in Geneva, Switzerland, on 4 September 1975, subsequent to the Disengagement Agreement of 18 January 1974. In addition to further redeployment of their armed forces, the two countries resolved “not to resort to the threat or use of force or military blockade against each other”, to observe the ceasefire ending the 1973 War, and to pursue a peace settlement based on UN Security Council Resolution 338. The day before it was signed, the agreement was approved by the Knesset with a vote of 70 For, 43 Against, 7 Abstaining.
  • Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty (1979)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:30
    A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt signed in Washington, DC, on 26 March 1979. It was signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and witnessed by US President Jimmy Carter. The treaty was the culmination of negotiations which began with Sadat’s visit to Jerusalem in 1977, and followed the framework established in the Camp David Accords of 1978, for which Sadat and Begin were awarded that year’s Nobel Peace Prize. According to the treaty, Israel was to withdraw all military and civilian presence from the Sinai Peninsula, returning to the 1949 armistice line. This included the evacuation of a number of Israeli settlements established since 1967, notably the towns of Ofira (Sharm el-Sheikh) and Yamit (near El-Arish). The withdrawal was completed in June 1982. Egypt agreed to the demilitarization of the Sinai Peninsula, except for limited police presence, monitored by the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) created in 1981. In addition, diplomatic and trade relations were established between the two countries.
  • 1982 Lebanon War

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:42
    A war between Israel on the one hand, and the PLO and Syria on the other, which broke out on 5 June 1982. The war began as a limited Israeli operation (Operation Peace for Galilee) against PLO strongholds in southern Lebanon, following sustained attacks against civilians in the north of Israel, as well as the attempted assassination of the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom. Israeli operations were extended as it became embroiled in the ongoing Lebanese Civil War, and Israel eventually occupied large parts of Lebanon, including western Beirut. In what became known as the Sabra and Shatila Massacre, Christian militias attacked two Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut, killing hundreds to thousands of civilians. Under intense Israeli pressure, the PLO leadership relocated from Beirut to Tunis in 1982. In 1983, a non-belligerency treaty was signed between Israel and the Christian-backed Lebanese government, but it was cancelled the following year. By 1985, Israel gradually withdrew its forces from most of Lebanon, forming the South Lebanon Security Zone. Low-intensity warfare between Israel, the Israeli-allied militia South Lebanon Army and Hezbollah continued until Israel's complete withdrawal from Lebanon in 2000, thereby implementing UNSC Resolution 425 of 1978.
  • 1973 War

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:07
    Known in the Arab world as the October War, and in Israel as the Yom Kippur War, a war fought between Israel, Syria and Egypt in October 1973. The war began with a surprise attack by Egyptian and Syrian forces in the midst of the Jewish fast of Yom Kippur. Despite their initial advances in Sinai and the Golan Heights, respectively, the Israeli forces repelled the Egyptians and Syrians and managed to cross the Suez Canal. Towards the end of the war, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 338, calling for a ceasefire and negotiations based on Resolution 242. The war ended with a ceasefire, followed in early 1974 by separate disengagement agreements with Egypt and Syria. Though the aftermath of the war saw the territorial status quo remain largely unchanged, within several years Israel and Egypt would sign a peace treaty, involving an Israeli withdrawal from Sinai. Following the war, the Agranat Commission was set up in Israel to investigate possible failures in the Israeli political and military leadership in preparing for the war. The publication of the commission's report triggered a political crisis that led to the resignation of Prime Minister Golda Meir and Minister of Defense Moshe Dayan. Casualties in the war numbered over 2,000 on the Israeli side, and several thousand on the Arab site.
  • Modus Vivendi to the Egyptian-Israeli General Armistice (1950)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:23
    A modus vivendi, or provisional understanding, signed between Israel and Egypt on 22 February 1950, and meant to complement the 1949 Israel-Egypt Armistice Agreement. In the interest of reducing tensions along the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip, the understanding establishes three zones, one on the Israeli and two on the Egyptian side of the armistice line, and limits the amount and armament of military personnel in these zones. The agreement also provided for limited territorial exchange, with Egypt receiving additional territory at the intersection of the Israel-Gaza Strip-Egypt borders, while Israel was compensated with a strip of territory along the northeastern border of the Gaza Strip.
  • Map of Arab Localities in the Gaza Area Remaining in Israel (1949)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:16
    Reference map of Arab localities in the Gaza area that remained on the Israeli side of the 1949 Israel-Egypt armistice line following the 1948 War.
  • Map of Arab Localities Destroyed during the 1948 War

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:09
    Reference map of Arab localities that were destroyed during or as a consequence of the 1948 War, as part of the process known in the Arab World as the Nakba (Catastrophe).
  • Map of Remains of 1948 Arab Localities Not Populated by Israelis

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:20
    Reference map of Arab localities depopulated during or following the 1948 War that have not since been repopulated by Israelis.
  • Map of Palestinian Localities Destroyed during the Six Day War

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:16
    Reference map of Palestinian localities that were destroyed during the 1967 Six Day War.
  • Israel-Egypt Disengagement Agreement (1974)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:25
    An agreement between Israel and Egypt facilitating withdrawals by both countries’ armed forces following the 1973 War, signed on 18 January 1974 on the 101km marker of the Cairo-Suez road. It involved the redeployment of Egyptian forces west of the Suez Canal, and Israeli forces east of it, with a buffer zone on both sides of the canal monitored by the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF). The agreement, signed by the chiefs of staff of both armies, was specifically mentioned not to be a “final peace agreement”, but the first step towards peace. A similar agreement was signed between Israel and Syria on 31 May 1974.