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Explore the Comprehensive Interactive Database of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Map List

169 maps found
  • League of Nations Mandate for Palestine (1922)

    last update: 2016-01-31 05:04
    A legal document adopted by the League of Nations on 24 July 1922. It established the United Kingdom as a Mandatory in control of Palestine, which had been officially under military government since the British occupied it from the Ottoman Empire during World War I. It was based on the Sykes-Picot Agreement and the understandings reached at the Paris and San Remo Conferences. The document provided for the administration of Palestine by the British with the aim of establishing the Jewish national home as mentioned in the 1917 Balfour Declaration, ensuring that the rights and positions of other communities in Palestine, as well as holy places, be preserved. Article 25 of the Mandate allowed the British, with the consent of the League of Nations, to “withhold or postpone” the application of certain provisions of the Mandate with regard to the territory east of the Jordan River and administer it separately from the rest of Palestine, a right which it exercised with the Transjordan Memorandum later in 1922.
  • Disengagement Plan Implementation Law (2005)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:53
    A law enacted by the Knesset on 18 February 2005, by a vote of 59 For, 40 Against, 5 Abstaining. The law contained measures related to the implementation of the Disengagement Plan, proposed in 2003-4 by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, by which Israel was to withdraw all military and civilian presence from the Gaza Strip and parts of the northern West Bank. The law is most known for providing arrangements for compensation to be given for residences and businesses evacuated, and is thus nicknamed the “Evacuation-Compensation Law” in Israel. The withdrawal was approved by the Government of Israel in February 2005 and implemented in August 2005.
  • Sher-Sagi Plan (2002)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:52
    A draft plan for a unilateral Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and most of the West Bank, with the goal of determining the final borders of the country independently of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. The document was published by the Van Leer Institute in Jerusalem in August 2002, and based on research work by a team led by retired IDF general Uri Sagi and former negotiator Gilead Sher. The proposal suggests a two-phase process whose goal is to promote a permanent settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict along the lines of US President George Bush’s Vision for Peace. The first phase, with a time frame of 18 months, would entail the completion of the West Bank Separation Barrier and the evacuation of a small number of Israeli settlements. The second phase, put into operation in case the first phase didn’t lead to successful bilateral negotiations, would involve the relocation of all Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip, as well as West Bank settlements outside the large settlement blocs, to Israel, while introducing an international force into the evacuated territories.
  • Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty (1994)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:47
    A peace treaty between Israel and Jordan, signed at the Wadi Araba Border Crossing on 26 October 1994. It followed the Washington Declaration of July 1995 which officially ended the state of war between the two countries. The treaty was signed by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordanian Prime Minister Abdul Salam al-Majali and witnessed by US President Bill Clinton. Also in attendance were Israeli President Ezer Weizmann, King Hussein of Jordan and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher. The treaty established peace and mutual recognition between the two countries; determined the international boundary on the basis of the 1922 Transjordan Memorandum, without prejudice to the future status of the Palestinian Territories, and with special arrangements for the Baqura/Naharayim area; recognized Jordan’s special role with regard to the Historical Basin in Jerusalem; and established full diplomatic relations, as well as cooperation in security and civil affairs.
  • Cairo Agreement on Gaza and Jericho (1994)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:04
    An agreement between Israel and the PLO concluded in Cairo, Egypt, on 4 May 1994, as part of the Oslo Process. It was signed by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, and witnessed by the United States, Russia and Egypt. Following the 1993 Declaration of Principles, it made for the partial withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip and the Jericho area. It also formally established the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) as a 24-member body combining executive and legislative powers, which was put in charge of the areas from which Israel was to withdraw. The withdrawal took place as scheduled on 25 May 1994. The Cairo Agreement was followed and superseded by the Interim Agreement of September 1995, turning over additional responsibilities to the PNA.
  • Ground Water Salinity Reported for 1976 and Israeli Settlements in Gaza (1991)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:02
    Reference map prepared by the United Nations in 1991, showing ground salinity levels in the Gaza Strip as measured in the year 1976, as well as Israeli settlements and major Palestinian localities in the territory.
  • Jewish Localities Occupied During the 1948 War

    last update: 2016-01-31 03:51
    Reference map of Jewish localities that were occupied by Arab forces during the 1948 War.
  • Safe Passage Protocol (1999)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:05
    A protocol to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement, signed in Jerusalem on 5 October 1999, following the timetable set in the Wye Memorandum and the Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum. Its purpose was to implement Article X of Annex I to the Interim Agreement, facilitating operation of the Safe Passage, two transportation corridors linking the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, and to establish operational and security arrangements accordingly. The two routes were to link the Erez Crossing on the northern border of the Strip with Tarqumiya west of Hebron and with the Ramallah area. Only the Erez-Tarqumiya route became operational, and closed after roughly one year of operation, due to the outbreak of the Second Intifada.
  • 1982 Lebanon War

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:42
    A war between Israel on the one hand, and the PLO and Syria on the other, which broke out on 5 June 1982. The war began as a limited Israeli operation (Operation Peace for Galilee) against PLO strongholds in southern Lebanon, following sustained attacks against civilians in the north of Israel, as well as the attempted assassination of the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom. Israeli operations were extended as it became embroiled in the ongoing Lebanese Civil War, and Israel eventually occupied large parts of Lebanon, including western Beirut. In what became known as the Sabra and Shatila Massacre, Christian militias attacked two Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut, killing hundreds to thousands of civilians. Under intense Israeli pressure, the PLO leadership relocated from Beirut to Tunis in 1982. In 1983, a non-belligerency treaty was signed between Israel and the Christian-backed Lebanese government, but it was cancelled the following year. By 1985, Israel gradually withdrew its forces from most of Lebanon, forming the South Lebanon Security Zone. Low-intensity warfare between Israel, the Israeli-allied militia South Lebanon Army and Hezbollah continued until Israel's complete withdrawal from Lebanon in 2000, thereby implementing UNSC Resolution 425 of 1978.
  • Annapolis Process - Palestinian Proposal - Historical Basin (2008)

    last update: 2016-01-31 04:38
    A Palestinian proposal for a permanent territorial settlement for the Historical Basin in Jerusalem put forth in 2008 during the Annapolis Process.