Morrison-Grady Scheme (Plan for Provincial Autonomy, 1946)
A plan for the partition of Palestine, drawn up by an expert committee led by British Deputy PM Herbert Morrison and American diplomat Henry Grady. The committee was established following the British rejection of the Anglo-American Committee’s recommendations. The committee recommended that Palestine be divided into four cantons, two under direct British control (including Jerusalem), and one Jewish and one Arab canton. The cantons were to constitute a federation under a British high commissioner. The committee also recommended that land sale restrictions be abolished in the Jewish canton, which will also receive 100,000 Jewish refugees from Europe within a year. The plan was rejected by both the Jewish and Arab communities, leading Britain to turn to the United Nations and to the establishment of UNSCOP.