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Sinai War (1956)

Also known as the Suez Crisis, and in Israel as Operation Kadesh. Following the nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egyptian President Nasser, Israel invaded the Sinai Peninsula with British and French support, under a secret agreement with Britain and France that was supposed to allow the two powers to regain control of the Canal. Israel managed to occupy the entire Peninsula (including the Gaza Strip) from Egypt, but American and Soviet pressure, and internal criticism in Britain, brought about a ceasefire followed by a full Israeli withdrawal.