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Agreement on Movement and Access (AMA, 2005)

Jerusalem, Israel
Muhammad Dahlan, PNA: Signatory, Shaul Mofaz, Israel: Signatory
An agreement concluded between Israel and the Palestinian Authority on 15 November 2005, signed by Palestinian Minister of Civil Affairs Muhammad Dahlan and Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz. The purpose of the agreement was to establish arrangements for travel to and from the Gaza Strip following the completion of Israeli withdrawal as part of the Disengagement Plan. The agreement involved the operation of the Rafah Crossing under Palestinian control with international supervision; the passage of goods through the Karni Crossing; the opening of the “Safe Passage” from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank; construction of a seaport and negotiations on an airport for the Gaza Strip. Although in May 2007 “acceleration benchmarks” were put in place in order to facilitate progress in implementation of the agreement, the arrangements included in the document were effectively nullified the following month due to the 2007 Hamas takeover of the Strip and the blockade subsequently put in place by Israel.