Jarring Plan (1971)
A plan put forth by Swedish diplomat and UN Special Envoy Gunnar Jarring on 8 February 1971, aimed at de-escalating the tensions between Israel and Egypt following the conclusion of the War of Attrition, with a view towards implementing UN Security Council Resolution 242. Jarring proposed an Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula and back to the 1906 international border, in return for demilitarization arrangements and guarantees for freedom of navigation through the Suez Canal and Straits of Tiran. In addition, Jarring requested both sides to uphold a state of non-belligerency (in lieu of a peace treaty) and to respect each other's independence and territorial integrity. Egypt consented to the plan in principle, provided demilitarization would be in equal distances, and Israel withdraws fully from both the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip. On its part, Israel proposed terms for a comprehensive peace agreement between the two countries, but rejected a withdrawal to the pre-1967 lines.