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Damascus Protocol (1915)

A document given by the leaders of two Arab secret societies, Al-Fatat and Al-Ahd, to Hashemite prince Faisal, son of Hussein, Sharif of Mecca, on 23 May 1915. The document contained the demands the Arab leaders wanted Hussein to present to the British in return for the Arabs revolting against the Ottoman Empire. The demands included: British recognition of Arab independence over most of today's Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories; the abolition of the capitulation regime, granting exceptional rights to foreigners; a defensive alliance between the British and the Arab state; and the "granting of economic preference" to the British. The Damascus Protocol later served as a basis for British-Arab negotiations contained in the McMahon-Hussein Letters.