Known in the Arab world as the October War, and in Israel as the Yom Kippur War, a war fought between Israel, Syria and Egypt in October 1973. The war began with a surprise attack by Egyptian and Syrian forces in the midst of the Jewish fast of Yom Kippur. Despite their initial advances in Sinai and the Golan Heights, respectively, the Israeli forces repelled the Egyptians and Syrians and managed to cross the Suez Canal. Towards the end of the war, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 338, calling for a ceasefire and negotiations based on Resolution 242. The war ended with a ceasefire, followed in early 1974 by separate disengagement agreements with Egypt and Syria. Though the aftermath of the war saw the territorial status quo remain largely unchanged, within several years Israel and Egypt would sign a peace treaty, involving an Israeli withdrawal from Sinai. Following the war, the Agranat Commission was set up in Israel to investigate possible failures in the Israeli political and military leadership in preparing for the war. The publication of the commission's report triggered a political crisis that led to the resignation of Prime Minister Golda Meir and Minister of Defense Moshe Dayan. Casualties in the war numbered over 2,000 on the Israeli side, and several thousand on the Arab site.
Credit: ECF - Economic Cooperation Foundation. Last update at 1970-01-17 19:56.